Located in the central region of Northeast Asia and at the north-eastern tip of China , Heilongjiang , lies at higher latitudes compared with all other provinces of China .It is named after the largest of the border rivers between Russia and China -the Heilongjiang River .
Heilongjiang has a border line of 3,045 kilometers, with the northern and eastern regions of the province facing Russia across the Heilongjiang River and the Wusuli River ; covering an area of 454,000 kilometers.
Heilongjiang ranks sixth in size among China 's provinces and accounts for 4.7 percent of the country's total land area .In terms of land utilization, Heiliongjiang is top of the country.
The climate of Heilongjiang is one of moderate temperate zone with continental monsoons.
Heilongjiang Province administers 13 cities (prefectures) and 66 counties (including county level cities), and one national minority. Harbin , a young and open modern city, is the capital of Heilongjiang Province and its political, economic and cultural center.
The province has a population of 37.92 million, consisting of 51 ethnic nationalities in addition to the Han people, including Manchu, Korean, Mongolian and Hezhe.