Site of Huiningfu, Capital of the Jin Dynasty in Acheng
Site of Huiningfu, the Upper Capital of the Jin Dynasty, commonly called Baicheng (the white city), is located four miles south of Acheng City, Heilongjiang Province. It was once the capital of Jin Dynasty in its early stage, which was established by the ancient Jurchen nationality—the ancestors of the Manchu nationality. From the date the Jin Dynasty was founded by Emperor Wanyan Aguda to the year of 1153 in which Wanyan Liang, King of Hailing moved the capital to Yanjing (later called Central Capital, now Beijing), Huiningfu is under the rule of four emperors of Jin Dynasty for 38 years. Since the capital was moved here, Huiningfu was once destroyed. But as the birthplace of Jurchen nationality and the location of the Shangjinglu and Huiningfu prefectures, it was still the political, military, economic and cultural center in northeast of Jin Dynasty. During the reign of Jin Dynasty, Huiningfu held a very important strategic position. The Dynasty divided the North China into nineteen parts that were equal to today’s administrative division—province. These divisions were administrated by five capitals and fourteen prefectures. The site of Huiningfu was named by the State Council one of the major historical and cultural sites under state protection.
Picture two: Royal gown made of green colored cloth with special patterns