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Shamanistic Culture
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  • http://english.dbw.cn銆€銆€ 2007-10-29 15:23:11
     
    Shamanistic CultureIn China, Heilongjiang basin is one of the most important birthplaces of Shamanistic culture. Manchu, Hezhen, Oroqen, Ewenki, Xibe, Korean, Daur, Mongolian, Kirgiz and other ethnic groups call this area home, and still keep the heritage of Shamanistic culture to this day.The word 鈥淪haman鈥?originating from the Tungusic Language Group, Altaic Family, means 鈥減eople dancing with excessive exhilaration鈥? The ancient northern nationalities believed in Shaman. They thought that Shamanism was the intermediary that helped human beings to communicate with gods, and they can be incarnated in the wise men of the clan, chief of the tribe, and the witch doctors. Shamanism, as a cultural phenomenon in spiritual level, has penetrated into every aspect of the material and spiritual lives of the ancient northern nationalities. Shamanistic culture has is a record of the development of the ancestor鈥檚 culture and thought. It also embodies the ancestors鈥?faith and awareness, showing a desire to be progressive, overcome disasters and protect humans.

    Not only in northern China, the Shamanistic culture is also widely spread in the southwest, with Dongba culture as one of its manifestations. Shamanistic culture is also a spiritual and cultural phenomenon with universal significance, which has wide influence so far in North America, Europe and Southeast Asia.

    In the mid-twelfth century, a writer of the Southern Song Dynasty called Xu Mengshen used a word 鈥淪hanman鈥?in his work 鈥淐ollection of Documents on the Treaties with the North during Three Reigns鈥?to describe the belief in Shamanism by the Jurchen people.

    This religion has a complex understanding in one鈥檚 soul. It has an idea that everything has its own soul; the ancestral spirits of the clans or tribes should be mainly worshiped, with nature and totem worship as a supplement. A large number of objects are worshiped, including various gods and spirits, animals and plants as well as the inanimate natural substance and phenomena. There are no temples, written scriptures, specific religious organizations or founders and unified and standardized religious rites in this religion, so the Shaman鈥檚 position is usually passed on by oral transmission in the tribal clan.

    Author锛? 銆€銆€銆€Source锛? dbw.cn 銆€銆€銆€ Editor锛? Yang Fan
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